Fleet Operators

This page is for fleet operators who are responsible for their company’s vehicle choices. Whether you operate taxis, vans, HGVs or coaches, there are low emission options available.

Taxi, Car and Van Fleets
To avoid paying CAZ charges after January 2020 your vehicles will need to meet certain criteria, depending on the fuel type:

  • Diesel – Euro 6 (VI) standard or better (most new registrations after 1 September 2015)
  • Petrol or LPG added to original petrol engine – Euro 4 standard or better (most new registrations after 1 January 2006)
  • Gas – Euro 6 (VI) standard or better 
  • Fully electric or hydrogen fuel cell – all are compliant and avoid CAZ charges
  • Hybrid electric – the diesel/petrol engine must meet the relevant criteria above
 
If your vehicles do not meet the criteria above, you might be able to make them compliant by fitting a retrofit technology. This must be approved by the Clean Vehicle Retrofit Accreditation Scheme (CVRAS).

Each car or van that does not meet the criteria above or have a CVRAS approved retrofit technology fitted will incur a daily charge of £8 for entering the CAZ.

HGV and Coach Fleets
To avoid paying CAZ charges after January 2020 your vehicles will need to meet certain criteria, depending on the fuel type:

  • Diesel – Euro 6 (VI) standard or better (most new registrations after 1 September 2015)
  • Petrol or LPG added to original petrol engine – Euro 4 standard or better (most new registrations after 1 January 2006)
  • Gas – Euro 6 (VI) standard or better 
  • Fully electric or hydrogen fuel cell – all are compliant and avoid CAZ charges
  • Hybrid electric – the diesel/petrol engine must meet the relevant criteria above
 
If your vehicles do not meet the criteria above, you might be able to make them compliant by fitting a retrofit technology. This must be approved by the Clean Vehicle Retrofit Accreditation Scheme (CVRAS).

Each truck or coach that does not meet the criteria above or have a CVRAS approved retrofit technology fitted will incur a daily charge of £50 for entering the CAZ.

Replacing vehicles in your fleet is expensive and can have a significant financial impact. To help address this Birmingham City Council will be implementing a set of CAZ exemptions and local support measures, shown at the bottom of this page. 

Your low emission choices at a glance

If you operate a HGV fleet, the main low emission option on the market is gas-powered trucks. These are the most developed and available technology. Gas HGVs go up to the 26-44t range. 

Electric trucks are an option in the lower weight classes but are currently a less mature technology.

Your low emission choices at a glance

If you operate a van fleet, plug-in electric vehicles are currently the most available and mature low emission option. The majority of electric vans on the market are small and large car-derived models. More electric standard and large panel vans are due to be released in the next few years. 

There is currently only one option if you are looking for a CNG or hydrogen van. If your van runs on petrol, converting it to use LPG might also an option, but the petrol engine must be Euro 4 (or better) to be avoid CAZ charges.

Your low emission choices at a glance

If you operate a taxi fleet, the best low emission replacements for your vehicles at the moment are plug-in electric vehicles. They are the most developed low emission technology and offer you the greatest choice with several models on the market. 

Hydrogen cars are a less mature technology, but there are products coming soon to the market, being trialled today, which offer a longer driving range and fast refuelling. Examples of fleets using hydrogen cars include the police and a private hire company, both in London. If you drive a petrol taxi, converting to LPG is also a possibility.

Grants/incentives

The government’s plug-in grant scheme is available to help fleet operators purchase electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles. To receive the grant the vehicles you buy must be on a list of eligible models found on the government website. When you buy the new vehicles, the dealership will complete all of the grant-related paperwork on your behalf which means you don’t need to do anything.

Taxis

If you are looking to upgrade the Hackney carriages in your fleet to low emission vehicles the only option currently on the market is the LEVC TX5. This vehicle is eligible for a plug-in grant worth 20% of the purchase price, up to £7,500.

If you are looking to upgrade the private hire vehicles in your fleet to low emission vehicles there are a number of options available. Many of these are electric cars eligible for the plug-in grant. The grant will cover 35% of the purchase price up to a maximum of £3,500. A full list of cars eligible for this support can be viewed here.

Vans

If you are upgrading the vans in your fleet there are 10 models that are currently eligible for the government’s plug-in grant and this is likely to grow. The grant will cover 20% of the purchase price of your chosen van, up to a maximum of £8,000. The eligible vans include small and large car-derived vans, standard panel vans and large panel vans – these can be viewed here.

As well as offering purchase grants, the government is planning a reform of the vehicle excise duty scheme for vans to incentivise low emission models. The rates will be updated and based on a combination of vehicle weight and CO2 emissions. These new rules and tax rates will be introduced in April 2021.

HGVs and coaches

The plug-in van grant was extended in 2016 and can now provide funding for trucks however there are not any HGVs registered under the scheme yet.

Grants/incentives

The Government has allocated Birmingham City Council £38 million from the Clean Air Fund to pay for a support package that will help businesses and individuals likely to be impacted by the introduction of a CAZ. The support package will include:

  • £10.84 million to provide mobility support for individuals working with the Clean Air Zone (of which at least 50 per cent must be used for a scrappage scheme);
  • £5 million for a Hackney carriage support package;
  • £2.75 million for a council-run Hackney carriage leasing scheme;
  • £7 million for a private hire vehicle upgrade package;
  • £10.05 million for an HGV and coach compliance fund;
  • £0.35 million for supporting engagement and awareness activity.


Grants/incentives

Home charging

If drivers in your fleet park their vehicles at home, the cheapest and most convenient way they could charge an electric vehicle is overnight with a domestic charge point. This makes use of the cheaper off-peak electricity offered by energy providers.

A domestic charge point typically costs around £1,000 to install. £500 of government grant funding can be applied for to help cover these costs through the Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme.

Work charging

If your fleet has a centralised depot or car park, this would be an ideal place to install charge points and you could receive funding to help pay for these through the Workplace Charging Scheme. The funding covers 75% of the cost of up to 20 charge points per company (capped at £500 per charge point).

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