Gas Vehicles

Find out about gas vehicles and the benefits they could offer in your business.

Natural gas vehicles work in the same way as petrol or diesel vehicles but use either compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG) as the fuel. An internal combustion engine burns the CNG or LNG to release energy and propel the vehicle. The range of gas-powered vehicles depends on the fuel type and tank configuration, with CNG trucks typically capable of 500km between refuels, while LNG vehicles can achieve up to 1,600km on a single fuelling.

CNG and LNG have a lower carbon content than petrol and diesel and therefore give off less CO2 emissions. Gas vehicles are also able to run on biomethane which can be produced by processing waste or crops. The waste that can be used to produce biomethane  includes municipal waste, farm waste and manure. 

When biomethane is produced from waste, the environmental benefits are greatly increased: trucks running on biomethane emit at least 80% less CO2 equivalent emissions than diesel trucks (accounting for emissions from production/extraction all the way to the tailpipe combustion).

There are currently 18 operational CNG public refuelling stations and 16 LNG stations across the UK.

The cost of refuelling is cheaper than for conventional vehicles on a p/mile basis, in part thanks to gas having a lower fuel duty than diesel. There are currently 18 operational CNG public refuelling stations, with two more large scale stations planned to open by the end of 2021 and 16 LNG stations across the UK. 

Most natural gas refuelling stations offer biomethane. The biomethane is typically produced far away from the refuelling station and is injected into the gas grid to transport it. The amount of biomethane injected is ‘tracked’ so the amount of biomethane sold is matched by the production and injection of biomethane. 

To find out more about refuelling gas vehicles and where you can find gas stations in the UK, click here.
If you are looking to purchase a new van, the IVECO Daily Natural Power (large panel van) is the only CNG option currently on the market.

If you are looking to purchase a new HGV, there are several gas-powered models available in the UK. The trucks being made are mainly over 18t and are from key manufacturers such as Volvo, Iveco and Scania. A key market development has been the introduction of gas-powered 6x2 tractor units, with production models running on LNG available and CNG 6x2 units available as special orders from Iveco and Scania.

See the table below for the natural gas vehicles available in different weight categories and some key information on range and power.
Weight Category
Models
Fuel
Engine Options(HP)
Typical Range(km)

<8t GVW

Iveco Daily NP

CNG

136

300

8 - 26t GVW

Iveco S-Way NP Rigid

Mercedes Econic NGT

Volvo FE

Scania L-Series

CNG/LNG

CNG

CNG

CNG/LNG

330/460

300

320

280/340

400(CNG) 1,100(LNG)

350

400

500(CNG) 1,000(LNG)

26 - 44t GVW

Iveco S-Way NP Artic

Mercedes Econic NGT

Scania P/G/R-Series

Volvo FM*

Volvo FH*

CNG/LNG

CNG

CNG/LNG

LNG

LNG

330/400/460

300

280/340/410

420/460

420/460

500(CNG) 1,600(LNG)

500

500(CNG) 1,000(LNG)

1,000

1,000

18-26t GVW

Mercedes Econic NGT

Scania P

Iveco S-Way NP Rigid

Volvo FE

CNG

CNG/LNG

CNG

CNG

300

280/340

330/460

320

350

450

400

400

*Compression ignition engine - requires a small amount of diesel

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